Dr. Hamisu Salihu and collegues report on the association between reproductive cancer and fetal outcomes
Public health researcher Hamisu Salihu, MD, PhD is co-author on a publication entitled “Association between reproductive cancer and fetal outcomes: a systematic review.” The research is in the current issue of the International Journal of Gynecological Cancer.
Dr. Salihu, a professor of epidemiology, directs the USF College of Public Health’s Occupational Medicine Residency Program and the Center for Research and Evaluation for the Lawton & Rhea Chiles Center for Healthy Mothers and Babies. His academic home is the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. The department offers concentrations in epidemiology that lead to MPH, MSPH, and PhD degrees, as well several dual degrees, graduate certificates, and special programs. Most recently, the department added an online master of public health degree in epidemiology to its academic offerings.
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Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2013 Sep;23(7):1171-7. doi: 10.1097/IGC.0b013e31829e9fe2.
Association between reproductive cancer and fetal outcomes: a systematic review.
Maternal and Child Health Comparative Effectiveness Research Group, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.
This study aimed to review studies that addressed the impact of previous reproductive cancer diagnosis on selected fetal birth outcomes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
We searched PubMed and Web of Knowledge to identify peer-reviewed articles published from January 1992 to December 2012, investigating the association between reproductive cancer and birth outcomes. After applying exclusion criteria, 49 articles were identified for full review, and 36 articles were finally selected for this systematic review. The quality of the studies was assessed by independent reviewers.
We found 13 cervical cancer studies, 16 ovarian cancer studies, and 7 corpus uteri cancers that reported subsequent pregnancies (n = 688 pregnancies in 477 women). Of these, 489 pregnancies reached third trimester. Among viable pregnancies, only 416 pregnancies had information on maturity status based on gestational age and/or birth weight. For those with cervical cancer, the preterm birth (PTB) rate was 48.5%. For those with ovarian cancer, there were no cases of PTB. For those with corpus uteri cancers, the PTB was 7.7%. All studies had small sample sizes, and there was considerable heterogeneity of results. Abortions, ectopic pregnancies, and terminations were also reported.
Reproductive cancers may be associated to subsequent adverse fetal birth outcomes; however, the quality of evidence is still insufficient to infer a relationship between reproductive cancers treated conservatively and adverse fetal birth outcomes in subsequent pregnancies.
[PubMed - in process]